Padmasana is the only best asana but Swastikasana can also be adopted for doing Pranayama.
It has three parts –
- Rechak – Exhaling
- Poorak – Inhaling
- Kumbhak – Retaining the breath
Regulation for pranayama
- The place for pranayama should be clean, airy, peaceful and pure.
- Pranayama should be performed in padmasana, siddhasana or vajrasana, etc.
- Spinal cord, neck, waist and chest should be straight.
- Morning and evening are the right times for pranayama.
- Pranayama should be done on empty stomach or at least four hours after the meal.
- If one is too hungry then pranayama should not be performed.
- While suffering from high fever or disease or in case of pregnant women speedy pranayama should not do.
- While practising pranayama the food consumed should be nutritious and digestive.
- The Stomach should be kept light and without faeces i.e. clean.
- After practising pranayama one should take rest.
- Celibacy is to be practised with special attention.
- Best time for pranayama is 4:30AM, 12:30PM, 4:00PM to 6:00PM and 12:00AM to 2:00AM.
Before doing main pranayama, perform – Kapalbhati Pranayama and Nadi Shodhan or (Anulom – Vilom)
Main pranayama are of eight types –
- Surya-bhedi pranayama
- Ujjayi pranayama
- Sitkari pranayama
- Shitali pranayama
- Bhastrika pranayama
- Bhramari pranayama
- Moorchha pranayama
- Kevali pranayama